1. July 2021.

Present Simple vs. Present Continuous

Dobrodošli na stranicu Present Simple and Present Continuous

U nastavku teksta objasnićemo razliku u upotrebi dva sadašnja vremena, Present Simple i Present Continuous. Naime, vreme u engleskom jeziku može potpuno da promeni značenje rečenice čak i kad se ona sastoji od potpuno istih elemenata, konkretno:

What do you do? (Present Simple) = Čime se baviš?

What are you doing? (Present Continuous) = Šta sad radiš?

Da počnemo sa vremenom Present Simple: I live, he works, etc.

Primeri potvrdnih, odričnih i upitnih rečenica:

I work in a bank. She studies Russian.

We don't have any pets. Jack doesn't wear glasses.

Where do you live? Does your brother have a car?

She usually has cereal for breakfast. I'm never late for work. We only eat out about once a month.

Present Simple koristimo za radnje i situacije koje su uvek tačne ili se redovno dešavaju.

Uz ovo vreme prirodno idu prilozi za učestalost radnje, kao što su usually, never, often, ili every day, once a week.

    • Prilozi za učestalost radnje stoje ispred glavnog glagola i iza glagola "be"

Nastavljamo sa vremenom Present Continuous: am/is/are + glagol+-ing

Primeri potvrdnih, odričnih i upitnih rečenica:

"Who are you waiting for?" - "I'm waiting for a friend."

"ls your sister still going out with Adam?" - "No, they broke up. She isn't going out with anyone at the moment."

Present Continuous koristimo za radnje koje traju dok pričamo o njima. To su privremene, a ne uobičajene radnje.Takođe ga koristimo da izrazimo planove i dogovore vezane za budućnost.

Dinamički i statični glagoli

"What are you cooking?" -  "I'm making pasta." - "Great! I love pasta."
"What are you looking for?" -  "My car keys." - "I'll help you in a moment." -  "But I need them now!"

Dinamički glagoli su oni koji opisuju radnju, akciju, i mogu se koristiti i u Present Simple i u Present Continuous vremenu.  Na primer:

I'm making the lunch.

I usually make the lunch at the weekend.

Statični glagoli opisuju stanja ili osećanja, poput love, need, be. Oni se ne koriste u Present Continuous-u, čak i kada se dešavaju u trenutku govora.

Najčešći statični glagoli su: agree, be, believe, belong, depend, forget, hate, hear, know, like, love, matter, mean, need, prefer, realize, recognize, remember, seem, suppose.

Ime i prezime
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I ______ some vitamins at the moment.
We _____ takeaway pizzas during the week.
What _____ your mother _____? It smells delicious!
Come on, let's order. The waiter ______.
The boss is ill, so he _____ today.
The bill _____ very high to me.
We've had an argument, so we _____ to each other at the moment.
My mum _____ my diet is awful these days.
I usually _____ fish.
The economy in my country _____ worse.
I didn't use to like fish, but now I _____.
Can I call you back? I _____ lunch at the moment.