Passive Voice

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Prelazni glagoli u engleskom imaju i aktivno i pasivno stanje: 

active passive
The hunter killed the lion. > The lion was killed by the hunter.
Someone has cleaned the windows. > The windows have been cleaned.

Pasiv se gradi od glagola "be" i glavnog glagola u past participu, što zapravo znači da se na pravilan glagol dodaje nastavak -d/-ed, a nepravilan se traži u III koloni.

be past participle
English is spoken all over the world.
The windows have been cleaned.
Lunch was being served.
The work will be finished soon.
They might have been invited to the party.

U pasivnoj rečenici subjekat TRPI radnju, tj. nad njim se vrši radnja. Ako želimo da naglasimo ko je vršilac radnje, koristimo by:

She was attacked by a dangerous dog.
The money was stolen by her husband.

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'Don Quixote' ______ by Miguel Cervantes.

A lot of coffee _____ in Brazil.

The world's highest mountains _____ in the Himalayas.

The Mona Lisa _____ by Leonardo da Vinci.

Many electronic goods _____ in Japan.

The first modern Olympic Games _____ in 1896.

The photo _____ by her husband.

The director's last film _____ in London.

The castle _____ for nearly a century.

The costumes for the show _____ by hand.

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