Passive Voice


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Prelazni glagoli u engleskom imaju i aktivno i pasivno stanje: 

The hunter killed the lion.>The lion was killed by the hunter.
Someone has cleaned the windows.>The windows have been cleaned.

Pasiv se gradi od glagola "be" i glavnog glagola u past participu, što zapravo znači da se na pravilan glagol dodaje nastavak -d/-ed, a nepravilan se traži u III koloni.

bepast participle
Englishisspokenall over the world.
The windowshave beencleaned.
Lunchwas beingserved.
The workwill befinishedsoon.
Theymight have beeninvitedto the party.

U pasivnoj rečenici subjekat TRPI radnju, tj. nad njim se vrši radnja. Ako želimo da naglasimo ko je vršilac radnje, koristimo by:

She was attacked by a dangerous dog.
The money was stolen by her husband.

'Don Quixote' ______ by Miguel Cervantes.
A lot of coffee _____ in Brazil.
The world's highest mountains _____ in the Himalayas.
The Mona Lisa _____ by Leonardo da Vinci.
Many electronic goods _____ in Japan.
The first modern Olympic Games _____ in 1896.
The photo _____ by her husband.
The director's last film _____ in London.
The castle _____ for nearly a century.
The costumes for the show _____ by hand.